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Salter-Harris Fractures

Introduction Salter-Harris fractures are fractures that affect the growth plate in skeletally-immature patients.  Mnemonic There is a simple mnemonic that is often used to help remember the different types of Salter-Harris Fractures, using the letters S-A-L-T-R.  Letter Type Key Word  Description S I  Straight Across The fracture traverses through the cartilage of the physis. A II Above The fracture is…

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Animated Anatomy of the Lateral Compartment of the Leg

This video is a sample from AnimatedAnatomy.com demonstrating a narrated and 3D explanation of the leg anatomy. The following anatomical structures and actions are described: Peroneus (or fibularis) longus Peroneus (or fibularis) brevis 5th Metatarsal Superficial peroneal nerve Medial cuneiform Tibialis anterior (antagonist of the peroneus longus) Foot eversion [vcex_divider style="solid" icon_color="#000000" icon_size="14px" margin_top="20px" margin_bottom="20px"] [AMAZONPRODUCTS asin="0781776236, 1416059873"]

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Animated Anatomy of the Deep Posterior Compartment of the Leg

This video is a sample from AnimatedAnatomy.com demonstrating a narrated and 3D explanation of the leg anatomy. The following anatomical structures and actions are described: Flexor digitorum Popliteus Deep Posterior Compartment Tibialis posterior Flexor hallucis longus Flexor retinaculum of the ankle Tarsal tunnel Tibial nerve [vcex_divider style="solid" icon_color="#000000" icon_size="14px" margin_top="20px" margin_bottom="20px"] [AMAZONPRODUCTS asin="0781776236, 1416059873"]

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Animated Anatomy of the Posterior Compartment Leg Muscles

This video is a sample from AnimatedAnatomy.com demonstrating a narrated and 3D explanation of the leg anatomy. The following anatomical structures and actions are described: Gastrocnemius Soleus Calcaneus Achilles tendon tibial nerve plantar flexion knee flexion plantaris muscle [vcex_divider style="solid" icon_color="#000000" icon_size="14px" margin_top="20px" margin_bottom="20px"] [AMAZONPRODUCTS asin="0781776236, 1416059873"]

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Animated Anatomy of Leg Muscles Anterior Compartment

This video is a sample from AnimatedAnatomy.com demonstrating a narrated and 3D explanation of the leg anatomy. The following anatomical structures and actions are described: Tibialis anterior medial cuneiform first metatarsal bone foot dorsiflexion foot inversion extensor digitorum longus interosseous membrane extensor hallucis longus fibularis tertius  

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Animated Anatomy of the Thigh Anterior Compartment Muscles

This video is a sample from AnimatedAnatomy.com demonstrating a narrated and 3D explanation of the thigh anterior compartment anatomy. Anatomic structures discussed include: vastus medialis rectus femoris vastus lateralis vastus intermedius gracilis sartorius pes anerinus (or anserine) tibial tuberosity [vcex_divider style="solid" icon_color="#000000" icon_size="14px" margin_top="20px" margin_bottom="20px"] [AMAZONPRODUCTS asin="0781776236, 1416059873"]

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Animated Anatomy of the Hip External Rotators

This video is a sample from AnimatedAnatomy.com demonstrating a narrated and 3D explanation of the hip external rotator anatomy. Anatomic structures discussed: piriformis obturator internus obturator externus gemelli sacrum ischial tuberosity and spine greater trochanter   [vcex_divider style="solid" icon_color="#000000" icon_size="14px" margin_top="20px" margin_bottom="20px"] [AMAZONPRODUCTS asin="1416059873, 0781776236"]

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C1-C2 Transarticular Screw (Magerl Screw)

Described in 1987 by Magerl et al. Rigid C1-C2 transarticular fixation technique Indications: C1-2 pseudarthrosis or nonunion atlantoaxial instability (acute or chronic) patients who are not amenable to halo fixation as part of occipital cervical fusion Risks: vertebral or carotid artery injury Technique Notes Enters C2 and inferior aspect screws pass through C1-2 facet which is significantly more anterior than…

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External Fixator Component Cost List

This information is from research entitled "Damage Control Orthopaedics: Variability of Construct Design for External Fixation of the Lower Extremity and Implications on Cost." Logan et al. Partially Threaded Schanz Pin - $253   Large Ex-fix Pin Clamp (6-Position) - $673   Large Ex-fix Pin Combination Clamp - $946   Large Ex-fix Carbon Fiber Bars (300mm) - $348 References: Logan et al. 2015

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Sacral Fractures

Predicting Displacement of Sacral Fractures Based on Fracture Pattern From Bruce et al. Incomplete Sacral Fracture Displacement Rate (2.6%) No ramus fracture: 0% Ipsilateral or contralateral ramus fracture: 0% Bilateral rami fractures: 9% Complete Sacral Fracture Displacement Rate (50%) No ramus fracture: 0% Unilateral ramus fracture: 33% Bilateral rami fracture: 68% REFERENCES: OTA highlight paper predicting future displacement of nonoperatively managed lateral compression sacral fractures:…

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Complications After Spine Surgery – Review

Credit: R. Carter Cassidy, MD COMPLICATIONS AFTER SPINE INJURIES most common: UTI, wound infection, Pneumonia Most predictive: comorbidities higher grade impairment giving steroids Barriers to care multi trauma fear of harm by nursing staff complex injuries = long surgeries many details – attention to details can keep you out of trouble Complications infection, dvt/pe, pressure ulcers, pneumonia or respiratory failure,…

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